The purpose of the Creative and Novel Ideas in Research (CNIHR) Program is to create a mechanism via the established CFARs to fund developmental projects to bring insight and new ideas from early-stage investigators, some of whom will have expertise in other disciplines, to the HIV/AIDS field of study. The intent of this program is to attract both international and U.S.-based early-stage investigators from outside the field of HIV research to help address key scientific questions in HIV research, including emerging issues of long-term survival with HIV infection, prevention of HIV transmission, and research toward a cure.